收藏网站

北京外国语大学青少年模拟联合国大会Beijing Foreign Studies University Model United Nations ( Grade 4 - 12 )

欢迎 注销

高中学术资源

英文会场规则

A.     Roll Call

Rule 1

At the beginning of each session, the Rapporteur will make a Roll Call, calling the names of member states and observers in alphabetical order.

Delegates should raise their placards and say “present” when their countries’ names are called.

Rule 2

Delegates who are late for the Roll Call are supposed to send pages to the Dais to state their presence.

Rule 3

The quorum requires the attendance of no fewer than 1/3 of the member states. And only when the quorum is fulfilled can the president announce the beginning of debate. Any substantive vote requires the attendance of more than half of the member states.


    B. Speakers List

Rule 4

After the Roll Call, the Speakers List will be established for Formal Debate. Once being added to the Speakers List, delegates are given 90 seconds and are allowed to speak generally on the topic, state countries ’ positions, address Draft Resolutions or Working Papers currently on the floor.

Rule 5

Delegates can be added to the Speakers List either by being chosen by the Chair or by sending pages to the Dais.

Rule 6

The Speakers List will be followed by all debates on the topic, except when interrupted by procedural motions, crises, and the discussions of Draft Resolutions or Amendments.

Rule 7

Once the Speakers List is exhausted, the Formal Debate will automatically come to an end and a procedure to vote on the Draft Resolutions is required.


   C. Procedural Motions

Rule 8

Procedural motions are in order at any time when the floor is open. Delegates can motion for a Moderated Caucus, motion for an Unmoderated Caucus, motion to suspend the meeting, motion to close the Formal Debate or motion to adjourn the meeting.

Rule 9

Delegates who motion for a Moderated Caucus must briefly explain its topic, specify time limit for the whole Caucus (not to exceed 20 minutes) and the time span for an individual speech. Motion for an Unmoderated Caucus only requires a total time limit. Chair has the right to suggest changes of the Caucus motioned.

Rule 10

The dais can select between 1 and 3 delegate(s) for motion(s). A second from another delegate and affirmative votes no fewer than the simple majority are required to pass a motion.

Rule 11

The order of voting on motions depends on the priority of them, from high to low. From the highest to lowest priority, the motions are respectively motion to suspend the meeting, motion for an unmoderated caucus, motion for a moderated caucus and motion for the closure of debate. For motions of the same priority, they are voted according to the time that they are presented.

Rule 12

Other motions on the floor will automatically become invalid by the dais if a motion for a moderated caucus passes. Then the president will choose delegates of a certain amount to speak. The delegate who presents the past motion has the alternative to choose speaking as the first speaker or the last one.

Rule 13

No other motions will be in order during a Moderated Caucus except a motion to suspend the ongoing moderated caucus.

Rule 14

At the end of each session of the conference, Chair has the right to suggest a motion to suspend the meeting. The motion for suspension requires simple majority of members for passage.

Rule 15

After the discussion of the Draft Resolutions, delegates are allowed to put forward the motion to close the Formal Debate. On receiving the motion, Chair shall invite two delegates to speak for and two to speak against this motion, granting each delegate 60 seconds of speaking time. Once this motion is passed with two-thirds majority of members, the floor will be closed and any motions for Moderated Caucus or Unmoderated Caucus will be out of order. The Roll Call Voting for Draft Resolutions will ensue.


    D. Points

Rule 16

During the Formal Debate, delegates are allowed to raise Point of Order, Point of Inquiry or Point of Personal Privilege. Points do not require votes but only come into effect with the approval of Chair. Points can be raised either by sending pages to the Dais or by raising placards.

Rule 17

Delegates have the right to raise Point of Inquiry to ask Chair about the rules of procedures when they are confused.

Rule 18

During the discussion of any matter, delegates may raise Point of Order to indicate an instance of improper procedures

Rule 19

Whenever delegates experience personal discomfort which affects their participation in the proceedings, they may raise Point of Personal Privilege to request a rest.


    E. Right of reply

Rule 20

Right of reply is exercised when a delegate believes he or she is personally attacked or the country is unjustifiably condemned.

Rule 21

When exercising the right of reply, the delegate is required to send a note to the dais to introduce the issue to be replied. If the dais reaches a conclusion that the delegate deserves an exercise of right of reply, he or she will be given no longer than three minutes for a public statement next time when the floor for motions and points is open.


    F. Voting

Rule 22

Simple majority is calculated by rounded half of countries present and plus 1 (50%+1). It applies to procedural votes, including: (a) the passage of motions for Caucuses, (b) suspension of the meeting. Only “Yes” and “No” are allowed in procedural voting.

Rule 23

Two-thirds majority is calculated by rounded two-thirds of countries present plus 1 (2/3+1). It applies to substantive votes, including: (a) the passage of Draft Resolutions, (b) the closure of Formal Debate, (c) the passage of Unfriendly Amendments, (d) the passage of Draft Directive, (e) the reorder of Draft Resolutions

Rule 24

A Roll Call Voting is required when voting for Draft Directives or Draft Resolutions. Delegates shall vote "Yes", "No", "Abstain" or "Pass". Delegates who have voted "Pass" shall only vote "Yes" or, "No" in the second round. Those who voted “Abstain” will not be counted in the total number of absolute majority.


    G. Papers

Rule 25

A Position Paper is a literal comment about the position of a country. Structure of the Position Paper shall be formed by (a) a general introduction of the topic; (b) position of your country; (c) solutions to problems.

Rule 26

A Working Paper is a record, summary or reflection of issues discussed during the previous meeting submitted by one or several countries. The format of a Working Paper is relatively free, but requires to be brief, understandable and to the point. Only Sponsors are required, and shall be titled.

Rule 27

All Working Papers shall be submitted to the director. After the approval of the director, copies of the Working Paper will be distributed to all delegates who will then have two minutes to go through the Working Paper. One of the sponsors will be required to make a two-minute introduction. Disapproved Working Papers cannot be put into discussion.

Rule 28

Motions of Moderated Caucuses to discuss Working Papers can be raised after the introduction. Working Papers do not need to be voted on.

Rule 29

A passed Draft Resolution is the final resolution to the issues discussed by the committee. It represents the whole committee’s standpoint with the constructive and practical resolution.

Rule 30

A Draft Resolution should be divided into two parts that are Preamble Clauses and Action Clauses. Preamble clauses function as statements of the background, past actions taken and position. Action clauses are executable solutions, mainly those having been discussed.

Rule 31

The preferential content of a Draft Resolution should include (a) raise constructive and executable solutions; (b) keep with the formal format; (c) reveal continuity and creativity in accordance to rather than reaffirming the past terms; (d) be free from substantive mistakes.

Rule 32

The Dais of the committee will announce that the floor is open for receiving Draft Resolutions. The Director is in authority to send back the Draft Resolution that fails to meet the criteria and requires corrections.

Rule 33

Draft Resolutions will be numbered according to the order. Take "Draft Resolution 1.2" as an example, "1" represents the order of topic discussed, and "2" represents the order of submission of Draft Resolution. Only Draft Resolutions approved by the Dais can be distributed among delegates.

Rule 34

After the distribution of Draft Resolutions, delegates will be given five minutes or more to read the papers. Automatically, Chair will announce a five-minute introduction of each Draft Resolution in which no more than three representatives of Sponsors shall give an introduction. Then, a five-minute Q&A session will be held.

Rule 35

After the introduction of the Draft Resolution, the chair will automatically proceed to a Q&A session. In this session, each delegate is encouraged to ask or answer questions about any debatable standpoint of the Draft Resolution, which will enhance the efficiency of the conference. Those questions and speeches put forward in this session can provide directions for the following motions on the Draft Resolution.

Rule 36

Sponsors are main-submitters of a Draft Resolution and Signatories are countries which second to the Draft Resolution. The number of Sponsors and Signatories shall add up to more than 20% of the number of delegates present. Sponsors of a Draft Resolution cannot submit or second to another one.

Rule 37

Motions to reorder Draft Resolutions are in order only before the voting of Draft Resolutions. This motion requires two-thirds majority to pass. And the same draft resolution can be voted only once.

Rule 38

A Draft Resolution can be amended by Amendments after its submission. Besides amending the vocabulary, grammar and logic problems, an Amendment is essential for pushing forward the meeting and involving more parties to reach an agreement. The Draft Resolution can be revised by the friendly Amendments and the unfriendly Amendments.

Rule 39

As a condition of submission, the total sum of Sponsors and Signatories of an Amendment shall be no less than three. The directors will verify the Amendments and demonstrate the approved Amendments to delegates. Still, a motion of Moderated Caucus is required to discuss Amendments if necessary.

Rule 40

Clauses of an Amendment agreed by Sponsors of the relevant Draft Resolution make up a friendly Amendment. The Draft Resolution will automatically be revised by a friendly Amendment. Acknowledgment of a friendly Amendment should be divided into two situations: (a) when the Sponsors of the Amendment covers all the Sponsors in the Draft Resolution, (b) when all Sponsors of a Draft Resolution are not Sponsors of the Amendment to it, clauses unanimously agreed by all Sponsors of that Draft Resolution consensus make up a friendly Amendment. In case (b), the Chair shall announce the Amendment and ask all Sponsors of the relevant Draft Resolution for their attitudes to make up the friendly and the unfriendly Amendments.

Rule 41

Clauses of an Amendment not agreed by all the sponsors of the relevant Draft Resolution make up an Unfriendly Amendment. One of its sponsors is required to give a two-minute introduction to the clauses. An Unfriendly Amendment requires a clause-by-clause voting. They can be introduced by a delegate that is neither a Sponsor nor Signatory to the Resolution. Unfriendly Amendment requiresat least 2/3 of the Sponsors to vote “Yes”.


中文会场规则


A. 点名

规则 1

在每次会议开始之前,会议助理会根据字母表顺序进行点名。被点到

国家名的代表应当举起国家牌并答“到”。

规则 2

迟到的代表应当向主席团递交意向条说明自己已经到场。

规则 3

每个委员会至少须有三分之一的成员国出席,主席才可宣布开会并准许进行辩论。任何有关实质性问题的决定必须在有过半数的成员国出席时才能作出。


B.     主发言名单

规则 4

在点名之后,主席会询问哪些国家希望被列入主发言名单,并选取适当数量的国家列入主发言名单,被列入主发言名单的代表们将会有90 秒的发言时间,代表们可以围绕会议议题进行演讲、阐述国家立场或者针对已提交的决议草案或工作文件进行发言。

规则 5

未被主席选择列入主发言名单的代表可以向主席团递交意向条,阐明自己希望被列入主发言名单,在得到主席团的同意后,其所代表的国家将会被列入主发言名单。

规则 6

主发言名单可以被动议、危机、决议草案讨论、修正案讨论中断。

规则 7

一旦主发言名单上的所有国家发言完毕,正式辩论将自动结束,此时代表们应当动议结束辩论并进行决议草案的投票。


C.     动议

规则8

代表们可以在主席做出宣布之后动议有主持核心磋商、动议自由磋商、动议暂停会议或动议结束辩论。

规则9

动议有主持核心磋商的代表需要阐明磋商的主题、每位代表的发言时间、总发言时间(通常不超过 20 分钟)。而动议自由磋商只需要代表提出总时长即可。主席有权建议代表对动议内容做出修改。

规则10

主席团可每次选取一至三名代表提出动议,动议的通过需获得至少一国代表附议、简单多数代表赞成。

规则11

动议被表决的顺序首先应按照其优先级从高到低依次进行。几类动议的优先级从高到低依次为:暂停会议、自由磋商、有主持核心磋商、结束辩论。对同一类动议的表决应按照其被提出的时间顺序进行。

规则12

一旦有主持核心磋商的动议通过,其他动议将自动失效,主席将选择一定数量的代表进行发言。提出该动议的代表可选择第一个或最后一个发言。

规则 13

在有主持核心磋商开始之后,除中止进行中的有主持核心磋商外,代表们不能够提出其他动议。

规则14

在每次会议接近尾声的时候,主席有权建议代表们动议暂停会议。关于会议暂停的动议需要简单多数的代表投票支持。

规则15

在决议草案的讨论结束之后,代表们可以动议结束辩论。在代表提出该动议之后,主席应当选择支持该动议和反对该动议的代表各两名,这四名代表将会有 60 秒的发言时间。结束辩论的动议需要三分之二多数的代表支持才能通过。一旦该动议通过,正式辩论则结束,此时,代表将不得动议有主持核心磋商或自由磋商,会议将自动进入决议草案的唱名投票环节。


D.   问题

规则16

在正式辩论中,代表们可以提出组织性问题、咨询性问题和个人权利问题。问题不需要投票但需要主席的同意方可生效。代表可以通过举牌示意或传递意向条两种方式向主席团提出问题。

规则17

当代表们对规则或其他问题有疑惑时,可以向主席提出咨询性问题。

规则18

当代表认为主席在主持会议时产生了某种错误时,可以向主席提出组织性问题以纠正错误。

规则19

当代表在会议期间觉得有任何不适时,可以向主席提出个人权利问题。


E.     抗辩权

规则20

代表认为自己受到人身攻击或所代表国家受到不正当指责时,可行使抗辩权。

规则21

代表行使抗辩权时,需向主席团递交意向条说明抗辩事项。若主席团判定该事项满足触发抗辩权的条件,则可在下一次动议和问题平台开启时给予该代表不超过三分钟的时间进行陈述。


F.     投票

规则22

出席会议代表数量的 50%,再加 1,构成简单多数。对于程序性问题的投票,如动议磋商、动议暂停会议,均需要简单多数的代表投票支持。在此类投票中,代表能且仅能投“支持”或“反对”。

规则 23

出席会议代表数量的三分之二,再加 1,构成三分之二多数。对于实质性问题的投票,如动议结束正式辩论、动议修改决议草案顺序、决议草案的通过、非友好修正案的通过、指令草案的通过均需要三分之二的代表投票支持。

规则24

对决议草案和指令草案的投票需要进行唱名投票。代表们可以投“支持”、“反对”、“弃权”或“过”。投“过”的代表需要在第二轮投票中再次投票,且只能投“支持”或“反对”。投“弃权”的代表将不被计入计算绝对多数的总数。


G.   文件

规则25

立场文件主要用于阐述国家的立场,应包括对委员会和议题的简要介绍、国家立场和可行性措施三个主要部分。

规则26

工作文件是对在会场上已讨论完毕的问题的记录和总结。工作文件可以由单个或多个国家起草。工作文件没有固定的格式,但文件的内容必须简练。工作文件只要求写明起草国,而无附议国。

规则27

所有的工作文件应当提交给会议指导。在会议指导同意后将向全场代表们发放或展示工作文件。代表阅读工作文件的时间为两分钟,之后主席团会要求一位起草国对工作文件进行时长为两分钟介绍。未获认可或同意的工作文件将不会被讨论。

规则28

代表们可以适时提出针对工作文件的有主持核心磋商。工作文件不需要进行投票。

规则29

一份获通过的决议草案代表了整个委员会的立场和行动,是这个委员会已讨论议题的成果的总结。

规则30

决议草案需要包括序言性条款和行动性条款两大部分。序言性条款用于介绍问题的背景、过往行动,而行动性条款则是用于阐述可行性的解决方法与措施。

规则 31

一份理想的决议草案,在内容上应提出可行的解决措施、在格式上应遵守相应的规范、在连续性上应与过去的行动保持连贯、在整体上没有明显的错误。

规则 32

主席团会说明提交决议草案的起始和截止时间。会议指导有权将不符合要求的决议草案发回并要求起草国进行相应修改。

规则 33

决议草案将会按照提交的顺序进行排序。以“决议草案 1.2”为例,“1”代表议题的顺序,“2”代表提交的顺序。只有主席团进行排序、受到主席团认可的决议草案才可以向全场代表分发。

规则34

代表们会在拿到决议草案之后有五分钟的阅读时间。主席会邀请三位相关决议草案的起草国代表进行通常为五分钟的介绍,之后会有五分钟的针对决议草案的问答环节。

规则35

决议草案介绍完毕后,会议将自动进入问答环节。在问答环节中,每位代表都可以就决议草案的内容提出或回答任意代表的问题。此环节的设置旨在改正决议草案中的语法错误并提高会议效率,且在此环节中提出的问题和陈述可为之后针对决议草案的动议提供讨论重点和方向。

规则36

起草国是一份决议草案的主要提交国,附议国是对决议草案进行附议、认为其有讨论价值的国家。一份决议草案的起草国和附议国的总数应达到出席代表的 20%。一份决议草案的起草国不能够成为其他决议草案的起草国或附议国。

规则37

在决议草案投票之前,代表们可以动议更改决议草案的投票顺序,该动议要求三分之二多数的代表支持才能通过,且只能被表决一次。

规则38

决议草案在发布后可以通过修正案的方式进行修改。除了更改词汇、语法和逻辑错误之外,修正案有着推动会议进程和融合多方共识的重要作用。修正案分为友好修正案和非友好修正案两种类型。

规则39

修正案起草国和附议国的总数不能少于三个国家。在会议指导确认之后,修正案将被展示或分发给代表。代表们可以动议针对修正案的磋商。

规则40

当一份修正案是由相应决议草案的所有起草国提交,或者修正案的所有条款得到相应决议草案所有起草国的同意时,这份修正案则为友好修正案,不需要经过投票即自动成为决议草案的一部分。

规则 41

若非是规则40所规定的两种情况,则为非友好修正案。收到非友好修正案后,主席会要求一位起草国对其进行两分钟的介绍。非友好修正案需要进行逐条投票,得到起草国三分之二多数支持的条款将成为决议草案的一部分。


议题及背景文件将于8月发布。敬请期待。

文件规则将于8月发布。敬请期待。

附件下载